The following is a list of words of native origin. You will find in parentheses what each word refers to in everyday life (town, river, etc.), followed by the translation.
Where one waits for a moose.
Strips of rawhide, sinew, or gut used for sewing, lacing, or fastening: making snowshoes for example.
Canada means: The village where I live.
Lake crossed from edge to edge by a river. (source: Commission de toponymie du Québec)
The meaning is interesting as it refers to where sea water and fresh water meet.
“They eat raw”
Name of the Montagnais in their language meaning “Human being”.
This word is used to refer to someone who is restless or too noisy.
Manitou refers to the spirit of spirits or a superior being.
Where there is a point of land.
Current coming out of the lake.
Lost / away from its normal place.
(Typical local fish, sea trout which would have evolved following the disappearance of the salt water.)
Winding path, full of curves.
He tells jokes / he laughs a lot.
The water of the river is scrambled.
Quebec means a narrowing or escarpment.
Exiting water / where the water exits.
Bosom, it refers to the capes on either side of the mouth of the Saguenay River, where the whales come to feed.)
A Windigo is the forest ogre (a giant cannibal).
We thank the Mashteuiatsh Society of History and Archeology for their invaluable assistance in writing this article.
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